Classification of dangerous goods
Dangerous goods requiring special precautions during transportation include substances and materials with physical and chemical properties of a high degree of danger in accordance with GOST 19433-88, hereinafter referred to as “especially dangerous goods”:
- Explosive substances of class 1, except for divisions 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6;
- Class 7 radioactive substances;
- Non-flammable non-toxic oxidizing gases;
- Poisonous gases, oxidizing;
- Poisonous gases, oxidizing, caustic and / or corrosive; 6. Flammable liquids with a flash point less than minus 18C, poisonous;
- Flammable liquids with a flash point less than minus 18C, corrosive and (or) corrosive;
- Flammable liquids with a flash point from minus 18C to plus 23C, caustic and (or) corrosive;
- Flammable liquids with a flash point from minus 18C to plus 23C, poisonous, caustic and (or) corrosive;
- Flammable solids, corrosive and / or corrosive;
- Flammable solids, self-decomposing at a temperature not exceeding 50C with the danger of bursting the package;
- Spontaneously combustible solids are poisonous;
- Spontaneously combustible solids are corrosive and / or corrosive;
- Substances that emit flammable gases when interacting with water, flammable;
- Substances that emit flammable gases when interacting with water, Spontaneously combustible and poisonous;
- Substances that emit flammable gases in contact with water, flammable, caustic and (or) corrosive;
- Oxidizing substances are poisonous, caustic and / or corrosive;
- Explosive organic peroxides, self-decomposing at a temperature not exceeding 50C;
- Self-decomposing organic peroxides at temperatures over 50C;
- Explosive organic peroxides;
- Organic peroxides without additional hazard;
- Organic peroxides are corrosive to the eyes;
- Organic peroxides are flammable;
- Organic peroxides are flammable, corrosive to the eyes;
- Poisonous substances, volatile without additional hazard;
- Poisonous substances, volatile flammable, with a flash point of no more than 23C;
- Poisonous substances, volatile flammable, with a flash point of more than 23C, but not more than 6GC;
- Poisonous substances, volatile caustic and / or corrosive;
- Caustic and (or) corrosive, acidic, poisonous and oxidizing;
- Caustic and (or) corrosive, acidic, oxidizing;
- Caustic and (or) corrosive, acidic, poisonous;
- Caustic and (or) corrosive, with basic properties, flammable, with a flash point from 23C to 61C;
- Caustic and (or) corrosive, with basic properties, oxidizing;
- Corrosive and (or) corrosive different, poisonous and oxidizing;
- Corrosive and (or) corrosive different, flammable, with a flash point of no more than 23C;
- Corrosive and (or) corrosive different, flammable, with a flash point from 24C to 61C;
- Acrid and (or) corrosive different, poisonous.
Regulations for the carriage of dangerous goods
- These Rules establish the procedure for the carriage of dangerous goods by road transport along the streets of cities and towns, public highways, as well as departmental and private roads that are not closed for public use, regardless of the belonging of dangerous goods and vehicles carrying these goods, and are mandatory for all organizations, as well as individual entrepreneurs.
- The actions of the Rules do not apply to:
technological movement of dangerous goods by road within the territory of organizations where their production, processing, storage, use or destruction is carried out, if such movements are carried out without access to public highways, as well as streets of cities and settlements, departmental roads that allow traffic common facilities,
transportation of certain types of dangerous goods by vehicles belonging to the armed forces, state security and internal affairs bodies,
transportation of a limited amount of hazardous substances on one vehicle, the transportation of which can be considered as transportation of non-dangerous goods.
- International transportation of dangerous goods, including export-import and transit transportation of dangerous goods through the territory of Ukraine, is carried out in compliance with the rules and regulations established by international conventions and intergovernmental agreements to which Ukraine is a party. When carrying out international transport of hazardous wastes, it is recommended to be guided by the requirements of the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal of March 22, 1989.
- For the purposes of these rules, dangerous goods include any substances, materials, products, wastes from production and other activities that, due to their inherent properties and characteristics, can pose a threat to human life and health during their transportation, harm the environment, lead to damage or destruction of material assets.
- Dangerous goods in accordance with the requirements of GOST 19433-88 Dangerous goods Classification and marking and ADR are divided into the following classes:
– explosive materials (VM);
– gases compressed, liquefied and dissolved under pressure;
– flammable liquids (flammable liquids);
– flammable solids (LVT), self-igniting substances (SV);
– substances that emit flammable gases when interacting with water;
– oxidizing agents (OC) and organic peroxides (OP);
– poisonous substances (YV) and infectious substances (IV);
– radioactive materials (RM);
– caustic and (or) corrosive substances (EK);
– other dangerous substances
Classes of dangerous goods
Dangerous goods of each class in accordance with their physical and chemical properties, types and degree of hazard during transportation are divided into subclasses, categories and groups, according to GOST 19433-88, are given below.
CLASS 1 – explosive materials that, by their properties, can explode, cause a fire with an explosive effect, as well as devices containing explosives and means of exploding, designed to produce a pyrotechnic effect;
- subclass 1.1 – explosives and pyrotechnic substances and products with a mass explosion hazard, when the explosion instantly covers the entire cargo;
- subclass 1.2 – explosive and pyrotechnic substances and products that do not explode in mass;
- subclass 1.3 – explosive and pyrotechnic substances and products with a fire hazard with little or no explosive effect;
- subclass 1.4 – explosive and pyrotechnic substances and products that present a slight explosion hazard during transportation only in the event of ignition or initiation, which do not cause
- destruction of devices and packages;
- subclass 1.5 – explosives with a mass explosion hazard, which are so insensitive that during transportation, initiation or transition from combustion to detonation is unlikely;
- subclass 1.6 – products containing substances that are extremely insensitive to detonation, do not explode in mass and are characterized by a low probability of accidental initiation;
CLASS 2 – gases compressed, liquefied by cooling and dissolved under pressure, meeting at least one of the following conditions:
- absolute vapor pressure at a temperature of 50C is equal to or higher than 3 kgf / cmZOO kPa);
- the critical temperature is below 50C. By physical state, gases are divided into:
- compressed, the critical temperature of which is below -10C;
- liquefied, the critical temperature of which is equal to or higher than -10C, but below 70C;
- liquefied, the critical temperature of which is equal to or higher than 70C;
- dissolved under pressure;
- liquefied hypothermia;
- aerosols and compressed gases subject to special regulations.
Subclasses of dangerous goods:
- subclass 2.1 – non-flammable gases;
- subclass 2.2 – non-flammable poisonous gases;
- subclass 2.3 – flammable gases;
- subclass 2.4 – flammable poisonous gases;
- subclass 2.5 – chemically unstable;
- subclass 2.6 – chemically unstable poisonous.
CLASS 3 – flammable liquids, mixtures of liquids, as well as liquids containing solids in solution or suspension, which emit flammable vapors with a flash point in a closed crucible of 61C and below;
- subclass 3.1 – flammable liquids with a low flash point and liquids that have a flash point in a closed crucible below minus 18C or have a flash point in combination with other hazardous properties other than flammability;
- subclass 3.2 – flammable liquids with an average flash point – liquids with a flash point in a closed crucible from minus 18 to plus 23C;
- subclass 3.3 – flammable liquids with a high flash point – liquids with a flash point from 23 to 61C inclusive in a closed crucible.
CLASS 4 – flammable substances and materials (except those classified as explosive) that can easily catch fire during transportation from external sources of ignition, as a result of friction, moisture absorption, spontaneous chemical transformations, and also when heated;
- subclass 4.1 – flammable solid substances that can easily ignite from short-term exposure to external sources of ignition (spark, flame or friction) and actively burn;
- subclass 4.2 – spontaneously flammable substances, which under normal conditions of transportation can spontaneously heat up and ignite;
- subclass 4.3 – substances that emit flammable gases when interacting with water.
CLASS 5 – oxidizing substances and organic peroxides, which are able to easily release oxygen, sustain combustion, and can, under appropriate conditions or in a mixture with other substances, cause spontaneous ignition and explosion;
- subclass 5.1 – oxidizing substances, which in themselves are not flammable, but contribute to the readily flammability of other substances and release oxygen during combustion, thereby increasing the intensity of the fire;
- subclass 5.2 – organic peroxides, which in most cases are flammable, can act as oxidizing substances and react dangerously with other substances. Many of them ignite easily and are sensitive to shock and friction.
CLASS 6 – Poisonous and infectious substances that can cause death, poisoning or illness if ingested or in contact with the skin and mucous membranes;
- subclass 6.1 – poisonous (toxic) substances that can cause poisoning by inhalation (vapors, dust), ingestion or contact with skin;
- subclass 6.2 – substances and materials containing pathogens that are dangerous to humans and animals.
CLASS 7 – radioactive substances with a specific activity of more than 70 kBq / kg (2 nCi / g).
CLASS 8 – caustic and corrosive substances that cause damage to the skin, damage to the mucous membranes of the eyes and respiratory tract, corrosion of metals and damage to vehicles, structures or goods, and can also cause a fire when interacting with organic materials or certain chemicals;
- subclass 8.1 – acids,
- subclass 8.2 – alkalis;
- subclass 8.3 – various caustic and corrosive substances.
CLASS 9 – substances with a relatively low hazard during transportation, not assigned to any of the previous classes, but requiring the application of certain rules for transportation and storage;
- subclass 9.1 – solid and liquid combustible substances and materials that do not belong to the 3rd and 4th classes by their properties, but under certain conditions can be dangerous in a fire relation (flammable liquids with a flash point from +61 C to +100 C in closed vessel, fibers and other similar materials);
- subclass 9.2 – substances that become caustic and corrosive under certain conditions.